Chili Sauce: Ketchup with prepared horseradish and lemon juice to taste.
Fresh Chives: Green onions, including the tops.
Chorizo Sausage: Hot Italian sausage, seasoned with garlic and ground red pepper.
Fish Stock: Equal parts clam juice and water.
Dried Currants: Chopped dark raisins.
Graham Cracker Crumbs, 1 Cup: 15 graham crackers, ground in a blender.
Fresh Herbs, 1 Tablespoon Minced: 1 teaspoon dried, of the same kind.
Fresh Horseradish, 1 Tablespoon Grated: 2 tablespoons prepared, well-drained.
Hot Sauce (Tabasco): use red pepper flakes or ground red pepper.
Lemon Grass, 1 Tablespoon Minced: 1 teaspoon grated lemon rind.
Prepared Mustard, 1 Tablespoon: 1 teaspoon dry mustard mixed with 2 teaspoons wine vinegar, white wine or water.
Pancetta: Cooked, lean bacon.
Pine Nuts: Walnuts or Almonds.
Proscuitto: Country ham.
Sake Or Rice Wine: Dry sherry or dry vermouth.
Shallots: Minced onion with half a small clove of minced garlic.
Chinese Black Vinegar: Balsamic vinegar.
White Wine For Cooking: Dry vermouth.
Cake Yeast, 5/8-Ounce Cake: 1 Packet active dry yeast.